Evidence that carbon emissions have increased over the years are measured through air trapped in ancient ice cores in Antarctica and Greenland. Climate change: 11 facts you need to know We’re already seeing the effects of human-caused climate change — but nature can help. Read about our approach to external linking. The introduction of more CO2 by humans increases greenhouse gases and leads to more heat being trapped and global warming. Scientists model a range of future possible climates using different scenarios. But higher temperatures are also likely to increase the number of heat waves, severe storms and flooding through sea level rise and the melting of large ice sheets in Greenland, the Arctic and Antarctica. Lesson 3. If possible, please phone or email us instead. With separate versions for ages 7-11 and 11-14, the activities link to a number of curricular areas including English, science and geography. How do you think they will they be affected? (Source: Defra). Movie. What are the natural causes of climate change? What impacts is climate change having around the world? Before watching the clip, ask students what they think the reasons are for climate change - discuss and record their ideas. Development. Long term influences on the Earth’s climate include: the orbital path of the Earth, the tilt and wobble of its axis of rotation, and fluctuations in the Sun’s output. This is because of the 'residence' time of CO2 which lasts about 100 years in the atmosphere. A look at climate change over a range of timescales. Lessons in this unit. Issues of urbanisation. 10 Lessons. How do greenhouse gases change the climate? We will not use your details for marketing purposes without your explicit consent. Climate Action What the Paris Agreement means in 2019. Causes of climate change - human and natural factors A natural function of the Earth's atmosphere is to keep in some of the heat that is lost from the Earth. Weather and Climate 3 | Protest art lesson plan. Greenhouse gases remain in the atmosphere for long periods, and act as a 'blanket' around the earth absorbing the infra-red radiation from the earth and radiating it back to warm the lower atmosphere – the greenhouse effect. Future scenarios are based on low carbon emissions and high carbon emissions for the years 2020, 2050 and 2080. F +44 (0)20 7591 3001. World of work. Even if we stop burning fossil fuels and cutting down forests today, the world's climate will still warm in years to come. • satellites measure temperature changes in the lower atmosphere (troposphere). This is known as the greenhouse effect . In 2004, CO2 made up 85% of the UK’s greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere. Since then, as climate change has warmed the planet, it has started thawing the frozen ground that sits below the surface across 9 million square miles of the far north. It is measured in tonnes of carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere. These measurements show that the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere – measured in parts per million (ppm) has remained around 280 ppm for 650,000 years but in the last few years has increased to more than 385 ppm. This site uses cookies to enhance your user experience. 1. Lesson 4. the releasing of gasses into the Earth, overpopulation and over-usage of CO2 By placing a booking, you are permitting us to store and use your (and any other attendees) details in order to fulfil the booking. The geography of Africa. The Fourth National Climate Assessment, published in 2018, warned that if we do not curb greenhouse gas emissions and start to adapt, climate change could seriously disrupt the U.S. economy.Warmer temperatures, sea level rise and extreme weather will damage property and critical infrastructure, impact human health and productivity, and negatively affect sectors such as agriculture, … Both subjects are compulsory at Key Stage 3, while only science is compulsory at Key Stage 4. CO2 is produced by the burning of fossil fuels which is used to provide energy for our homes, by the cars we travel in and by the manufacture and transport of goods we buy. videos, Evidence for global warming - glacial retreat, Future Landscapes: Climate Change and Urbanisation. What evidence do we have to show that the climate is changing? In the UK, each person produces, on average, 11 tonnes of carbon a year. Burning fossil fuels Over the past 150 years, industrialised countries have been burning large amounts of fossil fuels such as oil and gas.The gases released into the atmosphere during this process act like an invisible ‘blanket’, trapping heat from the sun and warming the Earth. How does the way you live your life contribute to CO2 emissions? Issues around climate change are covered in both science and geography at Key Stage 3 (age 11-14) and Key Stage 4 (age 14-16). KS3 Geography Year 7 Human Geography Physical Geography What does it mean to have close contour lines and what are the numbers on the contour lines? Show the clip and ask them to identify any new ideas that they were not aware of and discuss these during the debrief. What do we do that causes CO2 to be released into the atmosphere? Since 1900, the average temperature of the earth’s surface has warmed by 0.6°C. Join the World’s Largest Environmental Movement! The BCM is a fine-scale hydrologic model that uses detailed maps of soils, geology, topography, and transient monthly or daily maps of potential evapotranspiration, air temperature, and precipitation to generate maps of recharge, runoff, snow pack, actual evapotranspiration, and climatic water deficit. Source: International Energy Agency. The climate is different from the weather. Show your class how to express what they feel passionate about in an artistic way, with Jasmine Smail’s art and PSHE lesson plan. Whenever the focus is on climate change, as it is right now at the Paris climate conference, tough questions are asked concerning the costs of cutting carbon emissions, the feasibility of transitioning to renewable energy, and whether it’s already too late to do anything about climate change.We posed these questions to Laura Segafredo, manager for the Deep Decarbonization … 4 Most of the warming occurred in the past 40 years, with the six warmest years on record taking place since 2014. . Climate Action 5 climate change facts to scare you into action this Halloween. PRIVACY NOTICE This includes temperature, wind and rainfall patterns. KS3 Climate Change and Animals Curriculum Links Science Working Scientifically Scientific Attitudes: Pay attention to objectivity and concern for accuracy, precision, repeatability and reproducibility. A look at climate change over a range of timescales. Some resources have been adapted from various powerpoints. KS3 Science - the production of carbon dioxide by human activity and the impact on climate. Key Stage 3, Geography Units: Map skills. The data shows the Earth is warming and it's up to us to make the changes necessary for a healthier planet. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said that if the world wanted to limit the rise to 1.5C by 2050, an extra 1bn hectares (2.4bn acres) of trees would be needed. London, SW7 2AR. In Climate Change & Animals, students will explore the impact of the changing climate on animals across the world through the lens of work carried out by ZSL's own scientists.Following a self-led investigation of real results collected by scientists in ZSL's Institute of Zoology, students are empowered to make a difference through a discussion of what they can do to reduce their impact. Are there things you can change to reduce your carbon footprint? An example of global warming is changing sea levels. 12 Lessons. 16m video. The students could then look at some of the different viewpoints on climate change, perhaps looking at news articles or web research and develop a class debate about the issue. (with the Institute of British Geographers), We are the learned society for geography and geographers. This is known as the “Greenhouse Effect”. You must be a member holding a valid Society membership to view the content you are trying to access. 10 Lessons. 11m video. Weather and climate. Climate change – How a school trip to a zoo can help students learn about the environment. Plans in the new National Curriculum to provide pupils with a better understanding of all climate issues, including climate change. Weather and Climate. 3 SHAPING OUR FUTURE: THE CLIMATE CHALLENGE KS3 LESSON 1 – TEACHER GUIDE Issues around the climate crisis are currently covered in both science and geography at key stage 3 (KS3) for ages 11-14 and at key stage 4 (KS4) for ages 14-16 – … Which is likely to be affected the least? Our individual carbon footprint measures the amount of carbon dioxide produced as we go about our everyday lives. ... What are the causes of Climate Change? Description. Lesson 1. (Source: Carbon Trust). What will be the change in the amount of rainfall in the winter of 2080 where you live? The science Key Stage 3 curriculum includes: “the production of carbon dioxide by human activity and the impact on climate”. MEASURING CLIMATE CHANGE Temperature data from across the globe is combined in order to monitor climate change and trends: • measurements taken at over 5,000 land-based weather stations, over 1,200 free-floating buoys, as well as from ships. Carbon dioxide occurs in the atmosphere naturally. GCSE Geography - 16. 6.5 billion tonnes of CO2 is released into the earth's atmosphere each year through human activities. This was delivered to Year 9 KS3. Be part of our community by following us on our social media accounts. OK, Back to Climate change resources: Key Stage Three, A Changing Climate What is Climate Change? Please note that we are currently only receiving post once a week. The geography of the Middle East ... Tectonics. Climate change. These show a gradual rise from 1800 – the beginning of the Industrial Revolution and the burning of fossil fuels in power stations, factories and cars. Humans are changing current climate through the production of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere such as carbon dioxide (CO2), methane and nitrous oxide. Most scientists now agree that it is humans that are causing higher levels of CO2 to be released into the atmosphere. Key Stage 3, Geography Climate change. Geology. Geography This resource supports students to undertake a geographical enquiry into climate change to investigate key processes in weather and climate and to identify key changes that have occurred since the Ice Age. The fact that human activities are increasing the rate of climate change is now almost universally accepted by scientists. The use of energy per person varies greatly across the world. All The climate is different from the weather. How do we know the amount of CO2 that we are responsible for so that we can take steps to reduce it? Which places do you think will be affected most by climate change? Latest climate change news: Climate Action “Climate emergency” is Oxford Dictionaries’ 2019 Word of the Year. Geography. Each scenario makes different assumptions about factors such as how the world's population may increase and use energy supplies, what technological innovations there may be and how our behaviours may adapt to future changes. This includes temperature, wind and rainfall patterns. Some activities in some parts of the world could initially benefit from climate change, for example Northern Europe could experience less demand for heating so using less energy. The main reasons for an increase in carbon emissions are a growth in population and the increase in the amount of energy people use as we own more goods, enjoy more services and travel more. The largest rise in extreme sea levels may occur around the southeast coast of England, a region which has the largest changes in winds and storms. What is climate change? The global average temperature measurements are taken from thousands of weather stations across the world on land, from ships at sea and more recently satellites. Ecosystems. How do scientists know that greenhouse gases, such as CO2 are increasing? How are humans causing climate change? These changes are due to natural causes, the effects of the sun, land, oceans and atmosphere. 11 Lessons. Climate change resources for Key Stage Three (ages 11 - 14). Often climate change refers specifically to the rise in global temperatures from the mid-20th century to present. As CO2 emissions have been rising, so has the global temperature. The climate of the earth is always changing. All of the ten warmest years on record since 1861 have occurred since the beginning of the 1990s. The planet's average surface temperature has risen about 2.05 degrees Fahrenheit (1.14 degrees Celsius) since the late 19th century, a change driven largely by increased carbon dioxide and other human-made emissions into the atmosphere. SITE MAP, Cookies on the RGS website Together, the 25 countries with the largest emissions account for around 83% of world emissions. 10 Lessons. As well as mitigating against our carbon emissions, we need to adapt to a changing climate, from the buildings we live and work in, to the way we travel, to where we go on holiday, to the plants and flowers we grow in the garden and the food we buy in the shops. Geography – key stage 3 2 Attainment targets By the end of key stage 3, pupils are expected to know, apply and understand the matters, skills and processes specified in the programme of study. A Changing Climate What is our Carbon Footprint? Duration 04:19. Even if we stopped releasing any more CO2 into the atmosphere today, the world's climate is still predicted to warm in the future. Protests have been at the centre of political and social change for centuries and, with the recent climate … KS3 Geography - the use of natural resources and how the climate has changed. Climate change encompasses not only rising average temperatures but also extreme weather events, shifting wildlife populations and habitats, rising seas, and a range of other impacts. The carbon and water cycles, climate and change, Environmental interactions and management. First, download the maps, then look at the questions below: What will be the change in temperature in the summer of 2080 where you live? MYSOCIETY LOGIN How organisms affect, and are affected by, their environment. Most scientists agree that this increase is due to the burning of fossil fuels. 12 Lessons. Carry out a science investigation to develop understanding of the greenhouse effect. What is the greenhouse effect? The clip also includes a look at how changes in albedo and increased urbanisation have influenced global temperatures. All resources have been attached. Many land glaciers will melt, adding to this rise in sea level. 17m video. It is the average weather we experience over a long period of time. Compare the map of energy use per capita with the table of the world’s biggest emitters of CO2. In this suite of lessons, targeting young people in Key Stages 2 and 3, students will learn:-What is climate change? Without this effect the earth’s temperature would be 20 to 30°C colder and less suitable for life. Since the 1950s, direct measurements have been made of carbon in the atmosphere from the observatory at Manua Loa in Hawaii. T +44 (0)20 7591 3000 These changes are due to natural causes, the effects of the sun, land, oceans and atmosphere. HIRE OUR VENUE What causes climate change? It is the average weather we experience over a long period of time. 11 Lessons. Subject content . Join us today, Society membership is open to anyone with a passion for geography, Royal Geographical Society Please login to continue. They can give us a reliable guide to future climate change although some uncertainty remains. 1 Kensington Gore, Scientists study future changes and impacts of the climate using climate models based on an understanding of physical processes. Climate change is a long-term shift in global or regional climate patterns. These models have improved over the years as knowledge of the earth’s climate system has developed and the speed and power of computers have increased. Compare carbon footprints. 14 Lessons. A Changing Climate What is Climate Change? It is extreme sea levels – as experienced during storm surges – that cause most coastal damage. Here is an entire Scheme / Unit of work for a Climate Change topic in Geography. Tonnes of energy use per capita. It’s never been more important to instil environmental awareness in children, and your local zoo is the perfect place to connect them to the issues affecting the world, says Holly Bestley… 2% is released by the UK. There could also be a longer growing season for crops for farmers. KS3 Climate change is defined as gradual changes in all the interconnected weather elements on our planet over approximately 30 years. Movie, A Changing Climate Carbon Footprint Questionnaire. Sea level will continue to rise around most of the UK’s shoreline, although the change in the level of the sea relative to the land will not be the same everywhere because much of southern Britain is sinking and much of northern Britain is rising! We’re already seeing the effects of climate change, but thankfully, the planet is equipped with a powerful tool for stabilizing the climate: nature itself. Identify human causes of climate change. Year Published: 2015 Climate change: evaluating your local and regional water resources. 11 Lessons. Description Classroom Ideas. Understand that scientific methods and theories develop as earlier explanations are modified to take account of new evidence and ideas. Lesson 2. A Changing Climate Can I Cut My Carbon Footprint? Schools are not required by law to teach the example content in [square brackets]. Before you start exploring any of the other sections of this site, fill in the questionnaire: After completing any of the units of work, fill in the form. 1998 was the warmest year on record and 2005 was almost as warm. Climate change. Key stage 3 ... throughout the geography curriculum. Source: Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, If future emissions follow the ‘business as usual’ projection, then CO2 concentration in the atmosphere will more than double over the next 100 years, If global emissions remain at current levels, concentrations would still go on rising, If global emissions were cut in half, concentrations would still increase. As the global climate warms, the world’s oceans will expand, causing a rise in the average level of the sea. The climate of the earth is always changing. HOW IS OUR CLIMATE CHANGING? To learn about climate change, you first must know what climate is. Climate what is climate change required by law to teach the example content in square. Has warmed by 0.6°C produces, on average, 11 tonnes of carbon dioxide by human activity the! Melt, adding to this rise in global temperatures from the observatory at Manua in... 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