There is a minority of Scottish people who identify with the Irish culture, you will usually find them at Ibrox or Parkhead on a Saturday afternoon. It still exists today in certain areas of the world . As far back as the first Darien expedition of 1698, Scots had tried to join in the economic exploitation of the Caribbean region. Glen Isla lies about eight miles inland from the south-coast Jamaica town of Savanna-La-Mar. The fact there were fewer black slaves in Scotland … There was also the question of finding a wife who would help ease his way back into polite society, and of course with a young black manservant he would no doubt be talk o’ the toon. Thanks to his keen recollection of place and scenery I found myself driving a hire car up some perilously unmaintained roads, past makeshift houses with zinc roofs and walls, to the top of a green hill where the Glen Islay Seventh Day Adventist Church stood. There were hundreds of thousands of Scots sold into slavery during Colonial America. This website requires a paid subscription for full access. It did back then, it still are also getting Richer. When I met reggae and rock musician, Wayne McGregor, in Kingston, I was unsure how to broach the subject of how his family had come by his surname, but when he showed me the Celtic tattoo on his shoulder it became apparent that he was at ease with the Scottish legacy in his genealogy. The map of Jamaica was produced by James Robertson from land surveys of Jamaica between 1796 and 1799 and published in 1804. As the cultivation of sugar cane was introduced, the number of slaves grew to 9,504 by 1673. Thanks! Something doesn’t add up here. Catholics were not considered fully white in the USA. Among the most recent participants in the discussion were Earl Moxon and Professor Brian Meeks, both of whom have rightly implicated the Scots in the claim for reparation for slavery. Economic drivers. One day she and her sisters did. It’s not right, but seems to be a mistake that we make again and again. One was brought from Virginia to Beith in Ayrshire and trained as joiner so he could be sold later for a profit. He was a councillor…, Cheshire Constabulary offers a wide scope of career opportunities. khibb8470@yahoo.com Good day! Background is Jamaican and Scot/English and ‘who knows what’. It has nothing to do with the colour of their skins. I find more racism in Scotland today because of a lack of economic understanding or the contribution your foreign neighbour is actually making to your community. Thankfully such efforts to persuade people in Britain of the good of slavery were unsuccessful. We may then apply our discretion under the user terms to amend or delete comments. Slavery is an evil. Just as the French have their relationship with the Germans, the Scots and English have their own moveable border (once a wall built by an invading empire of slavers from Rome!) I got a sense of the hard work, industry and motivation that made them successful in Jamaica and well known in my father's parish. Sadly, his master died before a legal judgement could be made. They hate the English which is distortion of their truth but allows them to present as not being associated with colonialism. Back in Scotland, I visited Ballendean House in Perthshire, the large country pile that John Wedderburn bought on his return. Scotland and Slavery. EVER since I was a teenager, I’ve wanted to visit Jamaica and savour its Caribbean heat, its energy, its natural beauty. So not all black people put into slavery were from Africa it was also their own poor black people. “We swept it under the carpet. made ( Smith did oppose Slavery on Moral Grounds too By the end of the eighteenth century, when England had a black population of about 15,000, perhaps fewer than one hundred black slaves resided in Scotland. They have and still have awful history in Ireland but as they have shown skillfully absolve themselves of any wrong doing. Scots travelled out to the colonies and generated great wealth for Scotland based on slave labour. The wealth which flowed into Scotland from the slave trade is marked on the landscape. You would have anyone reading believing that everyone in Scotland is a member of the Orange and that we all hate the English. First page of the petition of Joseph Knight v Wedderburn. Scottish slave masters and slave owners played a significant part in British slavery. Scotland should take responsibility for the major and highly lucrative role it played in the transatlantic slave trade. This slavery produced a black Scottish Diaspora - the spread of people from their original homeland - in the Caribbean. This slavery produced a black Scottish Diaspora in the Caribbean. Many of Scotish industries, schools and churches were founded from the profits of African slavery. Walking around the property you can imagine how rootless he must have felt among Perthshire high-society where his status was an ornament, or worse, an exotic pet. Rich people own/ed slaves But for a time we misted over our role as perpetrators of this barbarism. Based on the picturesque Brayford…, We are committed to transforming lives through education. "Gillie" Heron is the descendant of Jamaican-born Captain Alexander Woodburn Heron (1815-1901) of Wigton, Williamsfield (and 30 other plantations in Manchester, Jamaica), and the Barbican Estate in St. Andrew, Jamaica, and Scottish-born British Army Major Alexander Heron (1761-1825) of Scotland and Wigton, Manchester, Jamaica. In one case in Glasgow in the 1760s, slave Ned Johnson was brought from Virginia and then saved by neighbours when he was hung up and whipped by his master in a barn. New graphic novel explores north-east Scotland’s links to the slave trade in Jamaica by Neil Drysdale September 28, 2019, 7:26 am Updated: September 28, 2019, 9:47 am It is appalling but necessary to recognise the countries part in this. The average person is/was one. The country was impoverished and it’s economy relied on ship building. Acknowledgement? Your constant censorship of me surely proves my point. the played on the timber logs on the river and her sister Catherine rolled under the logs, losing her tammy and nearly her life. A number of children of slave owners and West Indian women were brought back to Scotland in the 1700s and early 1800s and there are a few articles on this. Across Europe, cities like Amsterdam and Nantes have formally acknowledged their roots in the slave trade; while in England memorials and museums in London, Liverpool and Bristol are testament to their slavery past. Does anyone know how to get the names of the slaves and the children of the slaves??? “There was a feeling in Scotland that something was wrong, which is not to say we didn’t let it go on for 300 years.”. The 'Tobacco Lords' made their fortunes in the colonies before returning to Scotland, many building large mansions. Caribbean plantations owned by North East Scots Many North East families owned plantation labour camps in the Caribbean in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The Wee Free Church was founded using profits and donations from the slave trade. Diana Macaulay, an award-winning author and founder of the Jamaica Environment Trust, a pressure group for maintaining the island’s natural landscapes. Could I find a way to link the little-known backstory of Scotland's role in the troubling history of slavery in colonial Jamaica with our present? The majority of middle class English have Scottish roots. Many Scottish were forced and you can see how they were hung, quartered, beheded, raped, and tortured if you read the history. We should investigate this further as a country and take necessary steps. Slavery money, built schools, railways and funded different kinds of commercial activities in Scotland. It is Paulk. Sir Godfrey Palmer is a distinguished Jamaican-born scientist, and was appointed Jamaica's first honorary consul to Scotland in 2018. The imposing south-facing home with a massive lawn and lake out-front is now owned by a Christian charity which runs activity camps for young people. It is an inhumane practice and violation of the value of all image bearers of God. Of Jamaica, he says, this is a country that "has contributed more wealth to the world than it will ever receive, while enduring a most pernicious slavery for hundreds of years". They were at the heart of colonialism yet they promote a hatred of the English to hide behind. “ You’ve Wondering what the possible connections could be? It is a question that Her novel, Huracan, intertwines several stories of Scots who came to Jamaica looking for a new beginning, whether as a plantation bookkeeper or as a missionary. During the 18th and 19th century when slavery was the dominant economic force, many of the island's sugar plantations were operated and owned by Scots. Do you not realise the English done it to the Scots in their own backyard before they done it too pretty much every other place in the planet. In addition, huge country estates, mansions and even schools were built all over Scotland with the filthy lucre that slaves generated for nearly 150 years in the hot Caribbean sun. Slavery is one of if not the worst atrocity of all time. Even Robert Burns was considering a position as a book-keeper in a plantation before poetry revived his fortunes. As such, adverts appeared in the papers for both the sale of enslaved people and rewards for the return of runaway slaves. Does anyone know please, if Kirkby a typical Scottish name? Stephen McLaren. Scots proudly played their part in the abolition of the trade. But there culture is no different to English same religion and very little difference. I am shaken to the core over this but at least the Scots were not as bad as the Africans although that does leave us on a par with the English and only a couple of hundred years advanced to the US. But Scots too played a huge role in winning the slaves their freedom. Last year I read Professor Tom Devine’s history of the Scottish diaspora, To The Ends Of The Earth, and was stunned to discover that Jamaica had a disturbing historic link with our shores. day it is all about Profit. I am assuming that it was a slave owner’s name that was used by my ancestors. Three letters written by him were donated to the Mitchell Library in 1934. But at the end of the Campbell In 1796, Scots owned nearly 30 per cent of the estates in Jamaica and by 1817, a staggering 32 per cent of the slaves. So BAME/POC, what do you want as your short-term, medium, and longer term goals. You people are an integral part of a entrenched Capitalist Dictatorship from which there is no way out. David Pott (Vice-Chair and Project Leader) is the founder of the project. And let’s not gloss over the past. Grenada and Barbados. However, Scotland also punched above its weight in the abolition movement. Racism is borne out of fear and a lack of knowledge or understanding. Yes, there were certainly overseers returning to Scotland (and emigrating to the US and elsewhere) with wealth from the industry. Hail Caesar ! Jamaica has not forgotten slavery, far from it, but it has reckoned with it, and this is something that Scotland needs to do. These industries, which saw Glasgow and much of the country flourish, were built on the back of slavery. This followed the case of James Knight, a slave who won his freedom when the Court of Session in Edinburgh ruled Scotland could not support slavery. The 'Tobacco Lords' made their fortunes in the colonies before returning to Scotland, many building large mansions. Maybe The Godfather I am of African, Scottish and Ireland ancestry, Can anyone tell me the origin of Menzie? There were many ordinary Scots who gave a lot of time, effort and sacrifice in the cause of seeking freedom.”. On the Sunday I visited I was greeted by the surreal sight of the Dundee Hurricanes American Football Team practising on the main lawn. Her teacher would whip their hands if wrong answers were given, with talons attached that would flick around the other side of her hands. In addition I wanted to return home and photograph how the vast profits from the slave economy in Jamaica have left their mark on Scotland. Jamaica. My surname is Cowan. Our ancestors back home obtained cheap sugar from the Caribbean to sweeten tea and provide energy-laden foods while the massive profits that flowed from the West Indies turbo-charged Scottish industries such as fishing, weaving, railways and mining. This debate perfectly encapsulated the wilful denial of Scotland’s involvement in Caribbean slavery. In 1792, the year that produced the most petitions for abolition, there were 561 from Britain – a third of which came from Scotland. Some sweeping statements made by Finoula. poor and the rich is getting wider. Scotland’s slave trade legacy. Around 1769, Joseph Knight sailed with John Wedderburn for Scotland. Mr Whyte said: “The neighbours heard his cries, cut him down and took him to the magistrates to free him. The local people I spoke to knew the land used to be one huge sugar plantation but didn’t know that it was named after a small Scottish glen. A plantation where 1,000 slaves worked link to the history of slavery in national. Leith in Edinburgh and Glasgow were popular ports from which ambitious Scottish men sailed to make their fortunes as slave masters. It’s time for Scotland to make reparations for slavery. Good, balance piece but for an excellent wider viewpoint on the subject please, please, please listen to THOMAS SOWELL – THE REAL HISTORY OF SLAVERY on youtube. The city of Edinburgh Council has appointed Jamaica’s Honorary Consul to Scotland, Sir Godfrey ‘Geoff’ Henry Oliver Palmer OBE, as Independent Chair to lead the Edinburgh Slavery … Henry Scotland and the UK Coming to Terms with its History of Slavery in the West Indies. No need to I know some generations dropped a ( k) to Kirby in later years c 1900, “The owning of personal slaves was banned in Scotland in 1778-229 years before abolition of the trade.”. The eponymous Joseph Knight was an African slave employed as a valet to John Wedderburn on his plantation, Glen Isla. That's what rebellion against the Crown got you in those days and it was hardly surprising that the Wedderburn boys fled Scotland to try and make a living far away from where family allegiances might have held them back. Scotland’s history of oppression is hidden behind their untruthful approach to history presenting as oppressed. What I never considered was that between 1606 and 1799, these miners were actually slaves in Scotland. Vera Pro Gratis, True Things Not Pleasant Things. Iain Whyte, author of Scotland and the Abolition of Slavery, insists we have at times ignored our guilty past. What about William Wallace and Robert the Bruce ? You can enter your last name and it should show you the history. Any information would be greatly appreciated. As an adult, I developed a sense of pride in all aspects of my background, regardless of where such background elements may hail from.”. I always thought that the Scots were different and that it was just everyone else that was bad. Under the command of Penn and Venables the English captured Jamaica from the Spanish in 1655. It’s a racist myth perpetuated by white Americans. As you look out through the misty vegetation down towards the cane fields it is hard not to think of Joseph Knight, dutifully working in the big house for his master. “These slaves were part of the community and that made it more difficult for people to hold on to slavery. Post moderation is undertaken full-time 9am-6pm on weekdays, and on a part-time basis outwith those hours. of Free-Market, De-Regulated, Limited Government If you are dissatisfied with the response provided you can contact IPSO here, By Alan L Karras, Sojourners in the Sun: Scottish Migrants in Jamaica and the Chesapeake, 1740-1800 (Cornell University Press, 1992) Kenneth Morgan, Slavery, Atlantic Trade and the British Economy, 1660-1800 (Cambridge University Press, 2001) Iain Whyte, Scotland and the Abolition of Black Slavery, 1756-1838 (Edinburgh University Press, 2006) Williams make empty gestures to “ Free-Speech. The Scottish justice system issued a much clearer ruling against local slavery in 1778 in Knight vs Wedderburn. His name was Bristol Nero (derived from negro?) I wasn’t surprised therefore to learn that many Jamaicans named Wedderburn still populate southern and western Jamaica – though we can't know how many are descendants of slaves who were simply given the name of their owners, rather than the progeny of dubious master-slave relationships. She didn’t. Lisa Williams of the Edinburgh Caribbean Association takes us on a tour of Edinburgh with a difference… In the heart of the New Town. Still, the stone’s in the shoe. Burns was days away from boarding The Nancy in Greenock, bound for Savanna La Mar, Jamaica, to work on a slave plantation. Orange order allows the truth to be seen and I would suggest you read about them in Ireland and look at what they have done with divide and rule. Did he have any inkling that he would go on to make legal history in Scotland with a cause celebre that in its time prompted Edinburgh Enlightenment figures such James Boswell and Lord Kames to wade into the legal arguments? Jamaica was important to the British Empire. Wilberforce was heavily supported by Scots James Ramsay and Zachary Macaulay, who came from Inveraray. create a few martyrs and the hapless masses soon get They came from Scotland so Scotland already had black people her also known as Moores. Estate papers and business records of sugar plantations in theCaribbean provide useful information about the management of thebusiness. There is a great book being written at the moment which looks at this. Mr Whyte said: “We can be ashamed of our past but also proud of it. As a starting-point I wanted to see for myself what impact Scotland of the 18th and 19th century had made on this large island of nearly three million people who are world-renowned for their warm welcome and vivacious national identity. Scotland’s history of Oppression in Ireland has also been hidden.They have a history of being at the heart of colonialism with the English. I’ve met many wonderful Irish people, but just as all Scots aren’t baddies, the Irish are not some kind of super race of perfect humans who invented all the best culture – what about systematic child abuse in the church, incarceration of single mothers and forced adoption of their babies… IN THE 20TH CENTURY? People will still be sitting on fortunes their family made through this morbid means. The Grand Orange Lodge of Scotland has about 50,000 members. Glasgow was a major importer of slave produced sugar and the sugar sheds in Greenock still exist today. It is very hard to find the names of the slaves. does so now. Never mind the Vikings who classed the British Isles as their source for slaves. Knight was Wedderburn’s personal slave and like many black slaves in Scotland at the time, he was well fed, dressed and even educated. Macaulay’s recollections from her trip to Glasgow were illuminating: “Although Glasgow was made rich by sugar and tobacco and that great wealth is still evident in lavish buildings; in general, the Scots have felt slavery was an English crime because they were less directly involved in the trafficking of human beings. These give an insight into Scottish trade with the West Indies at that time. Having photographed all over Scotland in the run-up to the referendum, I was keen to reflect on our national story through the prism of a foreign land, especially one that had just celebrated 50 years of independence from Britain. Ps. Scotland also played a leading role in abolishing the slave trade. At any given time there were only about 70 or 80 slaves in Scotland but the country reaped the fruits of their labour in the colonies in the sugar, cotton and tobacco plantations. argue that, yes, the rich are getting richer, but the poor All admire Martyrs, Few want to be one. But there is no doubt the profits slaves helped to create kick-started the industrial revolution in Scotland and brought it’s merchants and traders great wealth. Scotland must acknowledge its role in the slave trade. Indeed, Macaulay thought her ancestor might have been a 19th century missionary to Jamaica and when she journeyed to the Mitchell Library in Glasgow a few years ago she found evidence that her great great grandfather, John Macaualy had sailed for the West Indies in 1884 as a steamships fireman and when in Jamaica became a missionary and put down roots. His father was Robert Kirkby jnr 1856-1909 and his father was Robert Kirkby Snr. The good and the bad. From what I understand they are to a man, loyalists, and in any independence election would have voted to remain. Scotland’s connections to slavery can seem tenuous, almost nonexistent. https://www.dailystrength.org/journals/eczema-miracle-hemp-will-make-a-difference-6, I believe my 4 x great grandfather was a slave or son of. One day a boy was hung from his feet outside of a window on the second floor by his teacher. But Scotland was also home to slaves who were great instigators in winning their freedom. Burns and slavery. The statue of Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, towers over St. Andrew Square. Moral Argument, of which he was a very strong advocate, was falling on deaf ears. The Glasgow Anti-Slavery Society was formed in 1822 and the city was known as one of the staunchest abolitionist cities in Britain. Surnames remain a sensitive topic in Jamaica. Scotland seems to be very heavily involved in the Slave Trade. The obvious irony is that 'slavery' is an important word in many of Burns's poems. Samuel Sharpe, a self educated slave, was born in Jamaica in 1801. Joseph Knight (fl. He is our brother, and he is a man.” The fact there were fewer black slaves in Scotland gave Scots a greater sense of their individuality. Macaulay was repulsed by what he saw while working as an overseer in a West Indies plantation. Once in Scotland… Whether perpetrated by the Spartans, Romans, Europeans, Americans, Nazis … whichever time period you look in. Wedderburn, a very rich man thanks to Britain’s insatiable appetite for sugar, was determined to return to his homeland and acquire the life of a respectable gentleman in Hanoverian North Britain. This important precedent didn’t mean all slaves were freed, but did mean no person in Scotland could beheld by law as a slave, which wasn’t the case in England. Can anyone point me in a good direction for information? Well my family went to Jamaica from. In some cases, the young men who went to the Caribbean had no land or money to their name when they left Scotland. The Colliers and Salters (Scotland) Act 1775 stated that "many colliers and salters are in a state of slavery and bondage" and announced emancipation; those starting work after 1 July 1775 would not become slaves, while those already in a state of slavery could, after 7 or 10 years depending on their age, apply for a decree of the Sheriff's Court granting their freedom. Mr Whyte said: “There were slaves who struck out for freedom in Scotland and prepared the ground for abolition.”. Sorry for the double post but feel this one says what I was trying to say better. I can only find him on marriage records and birth records for his children. Also, to Aine mf who claims white people were never held as slaves in America — they were held as indentured servants. A year ago, with the referendum looming large in the national psyche and our collective values being rightly scrutinised, I couldn’t help wondering how we had conspired to forget this episode in our history. This street was named in celebration of slave trade links of Glasgow merchants in Caribbean. My last name is Ross and is a Scottish surname. The map of Jamaica was produced by James Robertson from land surveys of Jamaica between 1796 and 1799 and published in 1804. Re: “The owning of personal slaves was banned in Scotland in 1778-229 years before abolition of the trade. Young I’ve been researching the Hamilton history and they came up. Jolly The Capitalists He founded the Anti-Slavery Reporter and eventually became governor of Sierra Leone, a colony founded by freed slaves. Any suggestions of where i might find more info. Those ads you do see are predominantly from local businesses promoting local services. The recent election have all those characteristics in play. Read more – The Scottish Slavery Map: Plotting out Scotland's past. I hate to offend any proud Scots, especially as I’m half English, but the Somerset decision in 1772 outlawed slavery in England and thus predated the Edinburgh decision by six years. Are there very rich ones that returned to Scotland after making their fortunes? In 1817 Scots owned almost a third of all the slaves in Jamaica. In addition, huge country estates, mansions and even schools were built all over Scotland with the filthy lucre that slaves generated for nearly 150 years in the hot Caribbean sun. FORCED LABOUR IS FORCED LABOUR. Ewing from Glasgow was the richest sugar producer in Jamaica. In Jamaica they first trained as doctors then bought land with the aim of growing sugar. It was named after a family that arrived from Flintshire,…, About Apprenticeships and JTL JTL has been delivering high quality apprenticeship training to the building services engineering sector…, “Diversity and inclusion is a core part of our strategy and how we ensure our purpose and values…, Today’s modern RAF is the UK’s aerial, peacekeeping and fighting force. They may have lived in poverty and harsh conditions but were much more likely to own slaves themselves. Endless Wars, Endless Poverty, lurch from one economic crisis to another, we’ve seen it all before. Glasgow University now has a partnership with the University of the West Indies to deliver £20m of funding, as they received money from slave traders in the past. Home > This cannot be grouped with any other issue Finoula as bad as Ireland was and I have strong thoughts and feelings about that also without ever being directly involved or affected, that didn’t affect people all over the world the way slavery has. Pitt, the British Prime Minister, said in 1800 that Jamaica provided Britain with most of the money "acquired" from the Empire. Last year, Scotland marked 300 years of union with England and Wales under the umbrella of … What gives pal, Scotsman take your sweetie money? The family had sugar estates in Jamaica – Hampden in St James and Frontier in St Mary. The response provided you can enter your last name is Ross and is a Scottish involvement and really we... On Scottish overseers in Jamaica and the children of the North had a long and profitable with... Idea about the history of slavery, insists we have at times ignored our guilty past the Sunday visited. Over, Scots had profited from bringing slaves in Jamaica in chains nineteenth.... A West Indies at that time these adverts as our local businesses need as much support as during. Today … let us all do our part to eradicate this evil practice one ( 12-1 ) faith... 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