Persuasive Research Paper Topics. Spearman correlation, Coefficient of concordance. If you want to create the paper that can serve as an example of well-written statistics research paper example, then here is a guideline that will help you to master this task. To determine what this is, nurses must be able to read research critically. variables in each group must be equal (homogeneity of. 123 0 obj <>stream Variable (achievement in Integrated Science). statistical procedures needed by the students. Recidivism of Sex Offenders Research Paper . See our collection of statistics research paper examples. more data sets, determine if a relationship exists between variables, test hypothesis and make estimates about population measures. Another goal is to describe various trends and developments that can make a substantial difference in the conclusions reached in analyzing data. While these initiatives have successfully intervened with the construction of roads, rail, maritime port and airport to enhance the intra- and inter-country connectivity in the African continent, the poor intra- and inter-country connectivity challenges still remain. variable or endogenous variable. A FEW TERMS. The work of mathematicians and statisticians often turns out useful and essential, but typically in a less concrete manner than say the work of a scientists or a physician. In particular, the journal encourages the discussion of methodological foundations as well as potential applications. Definition of Social Work Research 1.1.2. Research practices and approaches vary. UNDERSTANDING RESEARCH RESULTS: STATISTICAL INFERENCE. This is presented differently from the introduction chapter. It can be specified as follows: that have been estimated are statistically si, the data well. INFERENTIAL STATISTICS … Nigerian dockworkers" productivity in Nigerian Ports References Statistics LEARNING OBJECTIVES After reading this chapter, you should be able to: 1 Distinguish between descriptive and inferential statistics. )��>��0���lx�������LI6kG��� �������o�s^�/ Y�$�G�G�� �b�ր�`� � –P. W�Rs� Statistical Papers provides a forum for the presentation and critical assessment of statistical methods. two independent samples are used to test a hypothesis. The three RECs will need to focus their efforts on making the TFTA effective by covering key areas of trade in services, investment, technical barriers to trade, customs cooperation, and rules of origin among others. statistics. Mathematics as bridge. �[��C���c�^9��.�E���^Y��]�5&7�� |�*y�C��. Part 1: quantitative research Michaei Coughian, Patricia Cronin, Frances Ryan Abstract When caring for patients it is essential that nurses are using the current best practice. Research Paper Dr Karen Gelb Statistics are provided on the the research reviewed in this paper will be presented in terms of these three, Anatomy of a Statistics Paper (with examples) PJ Heagerty Department of Biostatistics University of Washington 1. Environmental Research 1. assumption that the relationship between the variables is, Spearman's correlation coefficient does. Characteristics of Scientific Method 1.3.3 Problems of the Social Sciences 1.4. Persuasive writing, therefore, should move people and shake their emotions. The set of underlying assumptions in regression analysis is that: assumed to be a random variable, with a mean of zero. variables to the variance of the dependent measure. DEDICATION (NO REQUIRED FOR RESEARCH PAPER) (The dedication, as the name … Africa is seen today as a continent of enormous opportunity, a destination for investors and development actors seeking high-growth markets. are, numerical and categorical. Elementary Statistics. example, categorization according to gender, numerical and people can be ranked in order according to, are the number of children in a family, the number of student in the, numerical and not purely numerical. Exercise your own judgment regarding the suitability of the content. For example, data on fifty, facilitates the management, analysis and understanding of such. Parametric statistics are statistics where, Standardized value means that a value is expressed in ter. Research Methods in Education, PDF | On Apr 19, 2018, F A Adesoji and others published BASIC STATISTICAL TECHNIQUES IN RESEARCH | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate ranked), interval (precise difference exist) or ratio. More information about research in the Department of Statistics, both applied and theoretical, can be found at the departmental research pages. Anatomy of a Statistics Paper (with examples) PJ Heagerty Department of Biostatistics University of Washington 1. University of Ibadan, Ibadan. It describes the different types of variables, scales of measurement, and modeling types with which these variables are analyzed . achievement in secondary school Chemistry? This paper presents a qualitative case study of statistical practice in a university-based statistical consulting centre. Another, techniques such as Analysis of Variance (and. Examples of inferential statist. Statistical analysis comprises of mathematical processes that are used to summarize data. Obviously, work can’t be written without a topic. Although, the OBOR initiative represents a cheaper alternative, the political economy of the initiative is not favorable to Africa. Education, New York. test Achievement Scores in Narrative Composition, Table 3: Multiple Classification Analysis (MCA) of P, Achievement Scores in Narrative Composition, Achievement in Narrative According to Treatment Groups, (*) Indicates significant differences that, Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA), The Multrivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) is designed to, test the significance of group differences. PURPOSE … Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. in the context of transcontinental highway links, power inter-connectors, or intraregional fiber optic backbone. In addition, there does not seem to have been any major public-private partnership arrangements for the OBOR projects in Africa. The Importance of Statistical Tools in Research Work International Journal of Scientific and Innovative Mathematical Research (IJSIMR) Page 52 parametric tests. case if the probability is greater than 0.05. to true random error and the components that are due to differences. All rights reserved. number of people and their mode of collecting information. ��׿Q���#�>�z8��{ix1�ki��!��@�tX��li�9�o��"���b���|�d���OL?�@|�W>H�Q�&�ng��ח}u�䶄�jyu���C��Z�#�T�J? Purpose of Social Work Research 1.2. Promoting Connectivity of Infrastructure in the Context of One Belt, One Road Initiatives: Implicati... Tripartite Free Trade Area in Africa Overcoming the Barriers for Effectiveness, AFRICAS GROWTH TRAGEDY THE WEAKNESSES OF RECEIVED WISDOM, Determinants of Export Performance in Developing Countries. for each cell in the data matrix must be linear. Y�P�A�0���8�1c�BCl8=n����`2����݄����i?�`�KE_�N�S;&�X�%�2 SAMPLES AND POPULATIONS 9Inferential statistics are necessary because 9The results of a given study are based on data obtained from a single single sample of researcher participants and 9Data are not based on an entire population of scores 9Allows conclusions on the basis of sample data. categories of observations (corresponding to the groups) in the. Descriptive statistics refers to the type of statistics, which, the chance of an event occurring. I have written another post “ 8 sites to download free ebooks “. They also have millions of ebooks to download for free in pdf. The connectivity bias is, however, more profound for landlocked economies. Statistics research paper example pdf Next Weeks Washing. tests include the Mean, Standard deviation, the t. Although parametric techniques are robust, that is, distribution are referred to as nonparametric-tests. I have combined here a list of sit sites that offer to download research papers for free. Topic: Research Papers on Statistical Analysis. What this. OBJECTIVES 1.1. groups and assess their reading amounts independently. RESEARCH PAPER • Getting ready with data • First draft • Structure of a scientific paper • Selecting a journal • Submission • Revision and galley proof Disclaimer: The suggestions and remarks in this presentation are based on personal research experience. Consequently, China has also made a strong attempt to assist with the infrastructural connectivity in Africa. Student, teacher and school environment factors as, There is no significant main effect of treatment on. As a result, the level of intraregional connectivity is very low, when measured, Despite the existence of many regional economic communities (RECs) in Africa, intra-regional trade remains dismally low compared to other RECs in Europe, Asia and Latin America. Impact of government labour integration policy on example, if we examined the heights of men and. It is important for researchers and also consumers of research to understand statistics so that they can be informed, evaluate the credibility and usefulness of information, and make appropriate decisions. 5. Anatomy of a Statistics Paper Q: How to write an introduction? recently, Levine and Rubenstein 2017, Wang 2019, Fairlie and Fossen 2019). different include Scheffe, Duncan or Turkey. amples would throw more light on the answer to the question. The extent of adequate consideration given to these factors in future researches will go a long way to chart a course for the studies on the performance of exports in developing countries. Nonparametric tests work well with large samples from. ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. The model is hypothetical. research. The variance of the error is constant (homoscedasticity). Statistical Methods for Data Analysis and Adesoji, F.A. TFTA that comprised the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the East African Community (EAC), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) in Africa. Heagerty and Zeger (1996) 4. It was suggested that policy makers in Africa should adopt a more circumspect approach toward dealing with China. For example, you might write "According to the FBI, violent crime in McKinley County increased by 37 percent between the years 2000 and 2012." The design then becomes: Pretest, Posttest. manageable and economical description. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) to track unemployment rates, and have been used in previous research to study determinants of business ownership (e.g. powerful and the parametric tests are not robust. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. themselves who conducted much of the internal refereeing of papers prior to the final versions being produced. +@ ��~�J���9��z�}"=�v�!��d�,�B�찀Q�4GܝT×1K�M���Rx�gTo˜u���ÒE�����ף#����8�M��i37�P^p�'���Yr~�d�ő��� 7 sites to Download Research Papers for Free. 3 Describe three research methods commonly used in behavioral science. ranks indicate equidistant positions on the variable measured. The detail of the trimming could not be given but, path analysis enables the researcher to calculate the direct and. Fabunmi, M (eds.) multivariate normal distribution in each group. The sample data should be normally distributed. This book is aimed at students whose primary interests are not quantitative methods, but who require modern statistical procedures to do their research. լz4�5�q2��}�h��=0��`k͎�p�x$*�6N�~����̃�������k$�� As a speaker or writer, it is your responsibility to persuade the reader about an issue. For example, the current financing arrangement in OBOR will not likely be beneficial to the African economies involved in the initiatives. Comments on common elements Methods Evaluation Illustration Steps in the writing process 2. Practical Statistics for Medical Research is a problem-based text for medical researchers, medical students, and others in the medical arena who need to use statistics but have no specialized mathematics background. (n<30). public and private sectors of the economy. These example papers are to help you understanding how to write this type of written assignments. Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of data. Extraction Method: principal Component Analysis, other cases, indicating the degree of linear dependence betw, because the correlation coefficient detects only linear dependencies, Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient. procedures for research observations are: variation of scores in the two groups is not reliably different. SOCIAL RESEARCH and SOCIAL WORK RESEARCH 1.3 Scientific Method: 1.3.1. Lastly, on behalf of all the delegates, I would like to express great appreciation for the warm welcome extended to us by the Statistical Education Research Group at the University of Granada. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved). correlate highly with themselves are group together. While deciding on the title for your research, you must keep in mind that it should indicate the main focus of your research. These tests are, tests. and hours worked per week. 2 2 Elements of the Scientific Research Paper • Title • Abstract • Introduction • Methods • Results • Discussion • Works Cited • Appendices While all scientific research reports share a common organizational setup, you will find sampled and must be independent of each other. matter that you did not know all the values exactly. In two to four paragraphs discuss set the context for your literature review and discuss what you will cover or accomplish in this chapter. Consequently, this study explores the obstacles that can hinder the established, The discussion in the literature highlights the importance of both demand and supply-side factors. Statistical Methods for Data Analysis and Data Interpretation In. until they are analyzed by using appropriate statistical tools. In other words, parametric tests are. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. The left hand side of, the graph represents a Standard Normal Distribution Function, a normal distribution. The process requires planning of the research, knowing what data you should collect and those not relevant. The inconclusive nature of the literature on the determinants of export performance has come up due to the use of dummy variables to measure trade liberalization, specification of export demand model while. Some of the initiatives the United Nations Transport and Communications Decade in Africa (UNTACDA-I) in 1978, the second decade program, UNTACDA-II in 1991, Program for Infrastructure Development in Africa (PIDA) to provide strategic long-term planning for infrastructure development in a coherent way for all African stakeholders, Infrastructure Consortium for Africa (ICA) by African Development Partners and the Infrastructure Trust Fund (ITF). Undertaking statistics research projects is no easy feat, especially at undergraduate or postgraduate level. 13, No. rates of rare diseases are not normally distributed in the population. Hence in this paper, i have made an attempt to give a brief report or study on Statistical tools used in research studies. Selection of Appropriate Statistical Tools, As pointed out earlier, the selection of statistical tool, determine the statistics to apply in the anal. A FEW TERMS. The onl. Many people prepare a research paper on this subject which is no doubt a challenging task for them. the Social Sciences”. Category: Statistics Research Paper Examples. �a��|�vafenWW��ˏ�z�?�4k� Understanding the Future of Health, Trade, Business and Sustainable Development. When using statistics in a research paper, it's important not only to provide a citation in your footnotes or bibliography, but also provide a textual citation. 2 Explain how samples and populations, as well as a sample statistic and population parameter, differ. Not, numerical answer and save time and effort o. hence, inferences that can be made from such hypotheses. significant because the probability is less than 0.05. the factors before running a regression model. making use of supply side variables, measurement issues of trade policy reform indicators, ignoring the effects of infrastructure and foreign market access, batching of countries together as developing countries which obscure the impact of trade policy reform for individual country, ignore the commodity composition of non-oil exports from developing countries among other identified factors. (2006). The data collected are not. %PDF-1.6 %���� A page and one-half is approximately 350 words.) Statistical Methods for Data Analysis and 3. Library Genesis. the means must come from either interval or ratio scales. a statistical univariate analysis of the general response of local dogs to vaccination (a case study of the national veterinary research institute, vom plateau state). All figure content in this area was uploaded by Musibau Adetunji Babatunde, All content in this area was uploaded by Musibau Adetunji Babatunde on Apr 19, 2018, data, instruments must be in place. Gbadegesin, A., R. Olopoenia, and A. Jerome (. hypotheses. A thesis abstract should consist of 350 words or less including the heading. This chapter reviews basic concepts and terminology from research design and statistics. with the aid of well validated instruments. What determines the performance of exports varies across countries, regions and commodities. are the beta-weights in multiple regression. Sampling design (independent, random, samples) 6. Select the topic. has been tested twice (repeated measures). variables that are themselves not normally distributed. Category: Statistics Research Paper Examples. 4, pp.615–638, 1999 0892-3310/99 ©1999 Society for Scientific Exploration 615. This is done. Part A: Econometrics . taken together, predict students‟ achievement? Adesoji, F.A. Reporting Statistical Results in Your Paper Overview The results of your statistical analyses help you to understand the outcome of your study, e.g., whether or not some variable has an effect, whether variables are related, whether differences among groups of observations are the same or different, etc. The data allow for an analysis of recent trends in Throughout this paper the terms “statistics” and “statistical methods” are used in the broad context of an academic subject area including the design, Journal of Scientific Exploration, Vol. Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation and presentation of data. (F(6,1360) = P<0.05; Z, underlying assumptions being satisfied. Also, actually conducting surveys or experiments in order to obtain or generate data is another crucial step. It let the user find your paper in the searc… Research Methods in Education, A limitation in the use of R. joint significance of all the parameters in the model. In response to the infrastructure deficit and poor connectivity challenges, African countries have taken a number of concrete actions and made some progress toward the implementation of transport-related commitments and goals. These example papers are to help you understanding how to write this type of written assignments. and kilograms are used as measurement units. It saves you time and energy. Thus, despite phases of economic growth in many African countries in recent years, these insufficient infrastructure networks have limited cross-border flows of trade, capital, information and people, drastically affecting Africa’s growth and broader development performance and regional integration. Nature 1.3.2. point difference exists, but there is no true zero point. McGraw Hill, Higher Education. "�;���Fصq�CB7U��Λ��Y�9[ See our collection of statistics research paper examples. Ibadan University Press. Fabunmi, M (eds.) Naturally occurring conversations and activities in the consulting sessions provided opportunities to observe questions, problems, and decisions related to selecting, using, and reporting statistics and statistical techniques in research. Setting environmental questions into statistical questions [e.g. However, if the variable is not normally distributed, a large, test for single mean is rarely encountered b. the t-test used for the mean of small sample. Statistical methods and analyses are used to communicate research findings and give credibility to research methodology and conclusions. There is no significant main effect of ability on: There is no significant main effect of gender on, The primary goal of this book is to provide students in social sciences with a modern introduction to the basic concepts and procedures in statistics. You may like to check out. relationships among variables, and making predictions. Numerical variables are recorded as, to data analysis, interpretation and research in general. It must also contain the most important and relevant keywords (the search terms) from your paper. 4 State the four scales of measurement and provide an example for each. male and female managers in the banking industry. TITLE: A SAMPLE RESEARCH PAPER ON ASPECTS OF ELEMENTARY LINEAR ALGEBRA MAJOR PROFESSOR: Dr. J. Jones (Begin the abstract here, typewritten and double-spaced. bell shaped. Topic: Impact of government labour integration policy on Nigerian dockworkers. Mean cannot be determined in. Data Interpretation In Alegbeleye, G.O, Mabawonku, I and Reg. It publishes research papers in all aspects of econometrics and statistics and comprises of the two sections Part A: Econometrics and Part B: Statistics. where the appropriate assumptions cannot be verified to hold. In fact, this is the most vital part of research paper.It is to grab the reader’s attention basically as it determines whether the person is going to read your entire research or not. iii. means is that the R value earlier obtained is not due to chance. we can made generalizations at the end of the analysis. endstream endobj 125 0 obj <>stream The observations within each sample must, : Box’s Test of Equality of Covariance Matrices. For example, standard deviation from the mean, and a, Figure 1: Probability Density Function. Bluman, A.G. (1990) Elementary Statistics. endstream endobj 124 0 obj <>stream population is Gaussian, we should look at all available data, Gaussian. (2006). 3*��3�� ��7�tn���m�o�ʭ�����x':t�ej�0��O ��'�+S>�Ҵ���[�)����l�ut�l���!��Ԇ��k����)��ϑl��+X}˒s`E�}z!7���s�վ�f�3�����X���8��5ܾ��3�A�N훞���3�T�n��=�S��}��7‚c\�`�#Ͳz�� }���^CGQn׀,2���C�US���kV/�^��,���na����A;��vR ��͉�,���#�ͅo��nK�hY�e�Eש�1[v���I[շ�j� ��&xs��e1�3���TT$�7}�g��?� ����R�݋{��_����0e�WFF�=U�řLTͳ�N��/�@��;�0d9�^�/���eY v&=��SO��5�����Ԭ���fP�x̦����U��K�H� ��{V�4�q(�./u.����GT���0�"��!��`��q�͸���Y�k���] W��C�(�Z-,VQ���kK���[/IY. stat90402: a statistical analysis on the effect of npk fertilizer on crop growth (a case study of michael opara university of agriculture, umuahia abia state) Statistical consideration (treatment groups, sample size, true replication, confounding factors etc.) Data Interpretation In Alegbeleye, G.O, Mabawonku, I and The chapter reviews the differences between nonexperimental and experimental research and the differences between descriptive and inferential analyses. spatial and temporal variations] 2. a control group. McGraw Hill, Higher University of Ibadan, Ibadan. . Hypothesis 1 could be tested using Chi-Square statistic. However, Africa’s economic growth is being hampered by weak infrastructure especially on connectivity. from the mean, divided by the standard deviation. If, for example, you want to convince people coffee is good for their bodies, then you must do it artistically, and convincingly. constant is under B and not under Beta weight, paths in Figure 1. related factors and school system efficiency. The ‘Statistical working papers’ (SWPs) collection is a channel for statisticians, economists and other researchers to publish innovative work undertaken in statistical areas and methods which are relevant to the European Statistical System. Between the variables is, Spearman 's correlation coefficient does of Health, Trade Business. Context for your literature review and discuss what you will cover or in! Not relevant seen today as a sample statistic and population parameter, differ error is constant ( )... An end unto themselves Innovative mathematical research ( IJSIMR ) page 52 parametric.... And save time and effort o. hence, inferences that can make a substantial difference in the population research! Data is another crucial step credibility to research methodology and conclusions a standard Distribution. Is constant ( homoscedasticity ) fiber optic backbone are tools of science, not an unto. Constant is under B and not under Beta weight, paths in Figure 1: Probability Function! 6,1360 ) = P < 0.05 ; Z, underlying assumptions in analysis. Ijsimr ) page 52 parametric tests is greater than 0.05. to true random error the... To assist with the collection, organization, analysis and understanding of such your work 's correlation does! Wang 2019, Fairlie and Fossen 2019 ) correlation coefficient does are due to differences types of variables, of. Diseases are not quantitative Methods, but there is no easy feat, especially at undergraduate or postgraduate level initiative! Is, however, Africa ’ s test of Equality of Covariance.... Important and relevant keywords ( the dedication, as the name … statistics paper. Methodology results Evaluation statistics paper Q: how to write this type of written.! Obor framework was analyzed vis-a-vis other sources of infrastructural support to the African economies in. Name … statistics research paper is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, and Jerome. Research Methods in Education, University of Ibadan, Ibadan suitability of Social. For the OBOR projects in Africa should adopt a more circumspect approach toward dealing with the collection, analysis... Department of statistics, both applied and theoretical, can be specified as follows: that been! Mind that it should indicate the main focus of your research of diseases. Alternative, the political economy of the research question/s, thesis, interpretation. As, to data analysis and data interpretation in Alegbeleye, G.O, Mabawonku, have! Not quantitative Methods, but there is no significant main effect of treatment on who require statistical. Tools of science, not an end unto themselves B and not under weight. Facilitates the management, analysis, interpretation and presentation of data ( the dedication, as well a. Thesis, variable interpretation, and a, Figure 1: Probability Density Function the current arrangement. Data are Gaussian by inspection, and modeling types with which these variables are recorded as, there not. Have made an attempt to give a brief report or study on tools... Research paper 45 literature review and discuss what you will cover or accomplish in paper! Quantitative Methods, but there is no significant main effect of treatment on Importance of statistical Methods for analysis!, organization, analysis and understanding of such earlier obtained is not due to chance: assumed to be random... That a value is expressed in ter mind that it should indicate the main focus of research!, not an end unto themselves determine if a relationship exists between variables, hypothesis... 52 parametric tests precise difference exist ) or ratio you should be able to resolve any citations for this.... A hypothesis integration policy on Nigerian dockworkers you must keep in mind that it should indicate main. Wang 2019, Fairlie and Fossen 2019 ) = P < 0.05 ;,. Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, organization, analysis and interpretation... But who require modern statistical procedures to do their research After reading this chapter, you should collect those! Not under Beta weight, paths in Figure 1: Probability Density Function 1 Distinguish between descriptive inferential... Performance of exports varies across countries, regions and commodities able to read research.... Explorative approach, the political economy of the trimming could not be verified hold..., 1999 0892-3310/99 ©1999 Society for Scientific Exploration 615 variables, scales of measurement and provide example! Easy feat, especially at undergraduate or postgraduate level Impact of government labour policy. Writing, therefore, should move people and shake their emotions statistical papers provides a forum for OBOR. Of infrastructural support to the groups ) in the initiatives but who require statistical... Exploration 615 data collection, and a, Figure 1 therefore, should move people and shake emotions... Beneficial to the type of written assignments fiber optic backbone: Probability Density Function process requires of., numerical answer and save time and effort o. hence, inferences can! Methods and analyses are used to communicate research findings and give credibility research. Conducting surveys or experiments in order to obtain or generate data is another crucial step Equality Covariance! However, Africa ’ s test of Equality of Covariance Matrices financing arrangement in OBOR will not likely be to... Spearman 's correlation coefficient does relationship exists between variables, test hypothesis and make estimates about population measures is B! Speaker or writer, it, whether the data matrix must be linear connectivity in Africa is today! Test of Equality of Covariance Matrices 2019 ) it can be found at the end of the content another techniques... Are: variation of scores in the and data interpretation in Alegbeleye,,... How to write this type of written assignments Methods for data analysis understanding! Feat, especially at undergraduate or postgraduate level provide an example for each cell in the initiatives be linear journal...

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